What is this weed?

Asked August 26, 2019, 9:53 AM EDT

My yard is basically this weed. What is it and how can I control it? Thanks

Howard County Maryland

1 Response

The first two photos are smartweed. This weed is a nuisance and has exploded in recent years because they love wet soil and we've gotten tons of rain. Look here: https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/topics/smartweed

The 3rd photo has two foreign invasive plants. Both are highly damaging to parks and shady natural areas (woods.) The center of the photo is the most alarming: wavyleaf basketgrass. This invasive is spreading rapidly. Pull it immediately even if you have to pull it all up by hand (If it has not produced seeds yet, you can spray with a glyphosate product--for example Round-Up or something similar--but NOT with other chemicals mixed in). Do not let it survive to produce seeds. It's possible to catch this one before it takes over your land. (It will take over the whole community, too.) Here's more about it: https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/topics/wavyleaf-basketgrass

The other foreign invasive is Japanese stiltgrass: https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/topics/japanese-stiltgrass This one is spreading like wildfire in Maryland this year especially.

The bottom line, however, is that all these seem to have completely taken over your yard. Whenever a lawn is more than 50% weeds, you should do a complete renovation, i.e. kill all the lawn with glyphosate and then reseed. Now is the best time to start this. Here's how: https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/lawns/lawn-renovation
The first link given is very thorough, and walks you through the process.