How can I identify what kind of apple tree I have?

Asked October 12, 2018, 5:44 PM EDT

That’s pretty much what I would like to know. I have a apple tree in my yard, they good apples , sort of tart and turn full red if I leave them until October. Is there a way to know what species or name of my apples?

Ramsey County Minnesota

1 Response

We can not positively identify a cultivar visually though we can sometimes make a guess. The history of the plant is very important and unfortunately, people often don't know it. However, you can read about the plant especially if they know it's a University release and narrow down your fruit ID to 2-3 cultivars based on size, color, fruiting time. etc. Here are some resources to help:



Also, here is a nice discussion about identifying apple varieties. Though it is written about English varieties, all the principles are universal.
http://www.suttonelms.org.uk/apple55.html

If you want to pursue more conclusive testing, UC-Davis will accept samples for DNA fingerprinting. Cost is $345 per sample.
http://fpms.ucdavis.edu/IDTesting.html