Is this sawfly larvae

Asked October 2, 2018, 12:33 PM EDT

We have what I believe is an elderberry bush on our property. I noticed today that it has an area that something has completely eaten. On closer inspection I found Caterpillar type larvae that I have never seen before.

Butler County Pennsylvania red twig dogwood dogwood sawfly

4 Responses

The plant is a red twig dogwood, not an elderberry. This is the larvae of the dogwood sawfly. They are occasional pests (meaning you might not even see them in future years) and are not of concern.
Here is more information about them:

Dogwood Sawfly
(Macremphytus tarsatus)

The dogwood sawfly is an occasional pest of dogwood. The larvae feed on the foliage of several species of dogwood. The larvae resemble caterpillars and are most often seen covered with a white powdery material.

Adult sawflies emerge during late spring and early summer. The female lays eggs on the undersides of the leaves. Upon hatching, the young larvae feed together and skeletonize the leaf. As they grow, they will eat all of the leaf except the midrib. After the second molt, the larvae become covered with a white powdery material. After their final molt they loose the powdery covering and change color. The mature larvae are yellowish with a shiny black head and black spots. These mature larvae will wander about in search of an overwintering site, generally in soft or decaying wood. There is one generation a year.

Control: is seldom needed. Hand picking is the easiest way to control this sawfly. However, if the infestation is heavy, they may be controlled with an insecticide registered for use on dogwood.

Here's a link for more info:

https://web.extension.illinois.edu/cfiv/eb294/entry_9063/


Happy Gardening!

It is definitely not a dogwood. It is a Bush (multi stemmed) and it gets flat clusters of purple berries just like the elderberries I remember as a child. Is it possible that, that particular strain of sawfly could adapt to elderberry?
Thanks
Renee

Red twig dogwoods are shrubs and also make flat clusters of bluish berries. The leaves in your photos are dogwood leaves. Elderberries have compound leaves. Here are some links:

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=279363&isprof... (For Red twig dogwood info)

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=f470 (For elderberry)

I have never seen dogwood sawfly larva on elderberry.