Birch tree borer
Greetings from west Salem. I just snapped a photo of our birch tree a few minutes ago on Nov. 7, 2017. I noticed these holes when I climbed a ladder next to the trunk, in order to remove a large broken branch. The top of the tree is sagging, major branches breaking. Evidence of borers? I think I noticed the problem too late. What can I do to save the tree?
Polk County Oregon birch trees
Thank you for your question about your birch tree's infestation. Yes; you certainly have evidence of the bronze birch borer. As you can read in this Extension article (and see in photos very much resembling yours), "Treating trees with insecticides to kill borers is only effective if the tree is in the initial stages of decline and dieback. When over 40% - 50% of the canopy has been killed by borers, the effectiveness of insecticides is greatly diminished and a treatment should not be made."
Before proceeding further, I would suggest hiring a licensed, insured, bonded arborist to evaluate the health of the tree and specifically the canopy, and get his/her recommendation. As the UM article points out, if chemical treatment is thought to be helpful, having a commercial pesticide company involved will be necessary.
I hope this information is helpful to you. Good luck!
Any chance it might be woodpecker holes? How does one tell? Thank you!