Hazelnut Tree Growing
Can the Turkish or European Hazelnut be grown in Tennessee successfully or are all of the varieties for our area still subject to bacterial canker or other diseases? Do I need to limit my search to the American Hazelnut? What varieties of Hazel nut should i plant in TN (Clarksville, Montgomery County,) that would grow successfully? I have pecans, walnuts, chinese chestnuts, and various fruit trees on the property. Thank you for any help you can provide.
Montgomery County Tennessee
In the East, they are known as hazelnuts and in the West they are known as filberts. They are also called cobb, cob nut, Pontic nut, Lombardy nut and
Spanishnut. Hazelnuts grow best in deep, fertile, well-drained river bottom land. The trees will not tolerate wet feet. With young trees, winter injury to the trunk is
a common problem. For the first few years of tree life, some type of trunk protection such as latex paint should be applied to the tree trunk. Like many other types of nut trees, hazelnuts need to be cross-pollinated from another variety that
blooms at the proper time. Hazelnut blooms are wind-pollinated and the pollinator variety should not be more than 100 to 200 feet from the variety needing to be
pollinated. Hazelnuts have separate male and female flower parts on the same plant. Ideally, hazelnuts should be grown in an area having cool summers and mild winters. In these areas, bloom may occur during the interval from late October to late March. Frosts and freezes at this time may kill flowers. Rainfall may affect pollen transfer from the male to female flowers on different trees.https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&...
We don't have many groves of Hazelnut trees in Tennessee due to our sporadic climate. You would need to locate an orchard where the trees have some shade from the hot, late afternoon sun. The soil needs to be well-drained and fertile. Here is another link to find out more information on varieties for this area and their pollinators:https://www.starkbros.com/products/nut-trees/filbert-hazelnut-trees
We just do not have a lot of information on them as they do grow best in a cooler, more moderate climate. I would make sure you soil test first and then grow a few different varieties before jumping in too big!