This is a good question. We have no research regarding using chipped bamboo as mulch. Bamboo can be high in silica and we do not know if there are any negatives to this. We do know that if you are chipping the bamboo yourself, it can dull a chipper.
If the bamboo has any green to it (like a fresh wood chip mulch), you should let it sit and decompose for 3-6 months as it can tie up plant nutrients.
You have the option of testing the mulch in a small area or use in pathways.