What are these plants and are they invasive?

Asked March 30, 2017, 7:29 PM EDT

These are two separate plants, one with the yellow.flowers is low and only in one location. The other plant is like a clump and there are many of them in the woods and at the edge of the fields.

Howard County Maryland

1 Response

The first one with the yellow flowers is called fig buttercup a.k.a. lesser celandine. It is extremely invasive and spreads widely and displaces native plants.
It is a spring ephemeral, meaning that it disappears by early June. If your patch is small, you should pull or dig it up, removing as many of the tubers as possible. If it's large, you can use a non-selective herbicide with the active ingredient glyphosate.

The second looks like our native violets. They are lovely (and edible), but many people do not like them in their lawns, as they do spread. Otthers, keep them.