From the attached picture, it appears to be an ash tree that has become infested with the emerald ash borer. The missing bark or damage you are observing is woodpecker activity as they go after the immature borers underneath the bark.
check out the following sites to see if this matches:
- http://ces.mtu.edu/liveash/eabsigns.html (scroll down toward bottom)
- https://www4.uwm.edu/fieldstation/naturalhistory/bugoftheweek/emerald-ash-borer-redux.cfm (scroll down)
- http://extension.missouri.edu/treepests/EABsigns.aspx (scroll to bottom)