I see in the article on pruning that you have a Figure 1 which gives 6 different situations: 1 branch stubs, 2 rubbing branches, 3 water sprouts, 4 sucker growth, 5 closely spaced branches and 6 weak, narrow crotches. I don't see anywhere in the article though that it says what to do with each of these situations ie cut them all out or? I also would like to know how to keep a tree short since it appears that the article says don't cut the leader or top a tree is that correct or can those be cut too and what would be the correct time of year? Thank you.
DuPage County Illinois
Your best bet is to get in touch with the DuPage County Master Gardeners for assistance. Their contact information is under Garden Help Line at http://web.extension.illinois.edu/dkk/dupagemg/