What perennial vine would grow the quickest on an arbor,I already have...

Asked May 9, 2014, 3:42 PM EDT

What perennial vine would grow the quickest on an arbor,I already have honeysuckle and engelmann ivy, it could be a vegetable too or a flower,just want something that will cover the arbor quickly this year???

Scott County Minnesota

1 Response

There aren't any perennial vines that will grow fast enough to cover a pergola in one year.
Some of the fastest growers are:

Hardy Kiwi

(Actinidia kolomikta 'Arctic Beauty')Prized for its variegated foliage splashed with pink, green and white, Arctic Beauty is hardy to zone 3. Both male and female plants are required to produce the small, edible grape-sized fruit. Hardy kiwi does best in full sun to partial shade and can grow to a height of 15 feet.

Dutchman's Pipe

(Aristolochia macrophylla)The attractive, heart-shaped foliage creates a dense curtain of shade, almost hiding the unique flowers that resemble old-fashioned smoking pipes. Hardy to zone 4, it grows best in moist soil in sun to partial shade.

American Bittersweet *

(Celastrus scandens)Bittersweet is highly prized for its orange seed capsules, which are used in holiday decorations. Male and female plants are needed to produce fruit. To avoid Oriental bittersweet, which can become invasive, try named cultivars such as Indian Maid or Indian Brave.

Clematis

Clematis is among the showiest of vines, with its delightful blooms that are shaped like star bursts or bells and come in a variety of colors. The lightweight vines are perfect for trellises, obelisks and other decorative supports. Most clematis sold in Minnesota will bloom on the current season's growth if cut to the ground before new growth starts. Clematis does best with an eastern exposure, but also thrives in full sun if it's planted in moist soil and receives shade at its roots.

Virgin's bower *

(Clematis virginiana)One of the best native vines for a back yard, virgin's bower is covered with lots of small, creamy white flowers in summer, which are followed by interesting seed clusters. This vigorous vine is hardy to zone 3 and grows in full sun to partial shade.

Honeysuckle

(Lonicera x brownii 'Dropmore Scarlet')Dropmore is one of the hardier honeysuckles, surviving through zone 3. Its beautiful orange-red flowers are fragrant and attract scores of hummingbirds. In fall, birds eat the fruit the plant produces. One caution: It can be aggressive.

Virginia creeper

(Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper, which climbs by using disk-like tendrils, can be a rampant grower, reaching 40 to 60 feet tall. It also can be used as a groundcover. In fall, its compound leaflets of five turn a blazing red color.

BOSTON IVY

(Parthenocissus tricuspidata)Boston ivy forms a dense screen by clinging with its suction-cup tips. This versatile vine can grow in full sun or deep shade and tolerates poor soils. In spring, its small white flowers attract bees. In fall, its foliage changes from brilliant orange to deep red.

Wild grape / Cultivated grape

(Vitis riparia)Wild grapes can be found growing along riverbanks and in woodlands across Minnesota. The fragrant white flowers yield small berries that make a delicious jelly -- if the birds don't get them first.

Cutivated grapes can be used for out-of-hand eating or wine/jelly making. There are many varieties that are hardy in Minnesota.

Wisteria

(Wisteria macrostachya 'Aunt Dee,' 'Blue Moon')Wisteria is well loved for the beautiful, fragrant lavender-blue racemes that dangle from the vine in early summer. "Blue Moon" is a Minnesota-bred cultivar capable of surviving our winters. It flowers with two smaller flushes of blooms later in the season.* Indicates a Minnesota native.