I have a 1-acre lot in Oakland Maryland and have started a small orchard....

Asked March 23, 2014, 8:59 PM EDT

I have a 1-acre lot in Oakland Maryland and have started a small orchard. Considering expanding it by espalier with apples and perhaps peaches. Any recommendations as to varieties, rootstocks, other considerations or good sources of info would be greatly appreciated. Thank you very much in advance.

Garrett County Maryland

1 Response

I'm going to include some information below. I would encourage you to contact the University of Maryland Extension office in Garrett County at 301-334-6960 to discuss this information in more detail. I have several contacts that I can put you in touch with as well.

Here is a link for more information on the best varieties of peaches-- this publication is from Virginia Tech: http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/422/422-019/422-019.html

As for Apples, I would recommend Apples that have a late bloom period and a short maturation, in hopes that our late Garrett County frosts will not harm the blooms. Here is a link to the University of Maryland Extension's website for Tree Fruit: http://extension.umd.edu/smallfruit/tree-fruit

General Information on Espalier training you want a drwarf rootstock that is going to cause the tree to have many spurs: http://wimastergardener.org/?q=Espalier

Dwarf trees will be the best type for Espalier training, probably the M9 rootstock per this Ohio State publication: http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/1000/1427.html

Some good varieties that will show resistance to some diseases include Liberty, Enterprise, Freedom, William's Pride, and Pristine; however, I'm not sure how those particular varieties will do with Espalier .

More resources for rootstock information:
https://extension.unh.edu/resources/files/Resource000583_Rep605.pdf
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/hil/hil-300-a.html

Thanks for contacting Ask An Expert, I look forward to hearing from you soon!