Feeding edible beans to cattle.
I have a client that has 25 tons of dried red beans (from MI)that he wants to feed to cattle. I am in SE PA. He has the ability to roast and roll. What are limitations/conconcerns about feeding to feedlot cattle. Jim Hogue,PAS Agri-Basics, Inc., Manheim, PA email@example.com Thank you
- Beans contain roughly 70-80% total digestible nutrients and 20-25% crude protein.
- Beans are not very palatable, and are not very digestible unless ground or rolled prior to feeding.
- An anti-nutritional component of beans, lectins, reduces nutrient absorption in the small intestine.
- In general, raw, unroasted beans should not make up over 20% of the ration dry matter for cattle.
- Heat processing (roasting) will minimize the detrimental effects of lectins, increase by-pass protein, and of course, adds expense.
- Roasting may slightly increase the amount that can be fed, but the level is not likely to exceed 25% of the ration dry matter.
- If beans are fed at higher levels, they will cause a decrease in feed intake and cattle will scour.