Two questions: 1. What are these bugs that look like lady bugs? They are on...
Not to worry. In fact the news is good. The insect is indeed a ladybug, but is a young pupal stage which will mature into more of what you'd expect to see.
The yellow dots are probably the remnants of tiny leaf galls, which are not of concern either.
Here is a page from the Plant Diagnostic portion of our website explaining leaf galls: http://plantdiagnostics.umd.edu/level3.cfm?causeID=84
Thanks for your answer. I looked at the leaf again and found a "shell" for the ladybug. Is that what it is? If so, awesome!
Yes, it sure is, and we agree, it is pretty awesome. It is the pupal case, and the mature ladybug came out of it.