Grapes turned black before ripening

We have a small vineyard, 36 vines of Black Spanish Favorite. This is our third year, so we were hopeful for our first harvest and an opportunity to produce our first wine. The vines appeared to develop well following our winter pruning, and the grapes formed beautifully. When the central Texas rains began, in a space of 5-7 days, the small immature grapes began to turn black. I've attached a before picture, as well as an after picture.
We sprayed for both bugs and mildew prior to the rains. Do you know what is wrong?


Burnet County Texas horticulture fruits and vegetables grapes 16 days ago

using the water absorbing material out of diapers in soil

My sister sent me the a video link, which talks about using the (clean) water absorbing material from adult diapers in soil. I have some concerns that the chemicals in the material is not as safe or bio-degradable as they state. I'm a Harford County Master Gardener, and would like to have some "words of wisdom" if asked about this practice in one of our classes. Thanks for your help, Anne Spelman


Harford County Maryland soil and fertility issues soil soil amendments 16 days ago

Are mushrooms a danger to horses?

I've been hearing a lot of warnings about how dangerous mushrooms are for dogs. Do they also pose a danger to horses?


Deschutes County Oregon horses livestock 16 days ago

Can I transplant my lavender plant?

I have a lavender plant that is overgrown for the area it's currently occupying. Are these types of plants able to be transplanted without harm to them? If so, what is the best method for doing this? I think it's French lavender and is roughly 3 feet across.


Lane County Oregon horticulture lavender transplanting 16 days ago

blob growing on tree stump

I have a stump from an ash tree cut down 5 years ago. I have some type of fungal growth that looks like large "coffee with cream" colored blobs. I can't see any sort of stem. It's even growing between the sections of the base of a birdbath. Any ideas? Also there are now small brown beetles on these growths that seem quite happy to be there.


Lucas County Ohio 16 days ago

I have lost 50-60 acres of corn to flooding. I applied 2 quarts of atrazine...

I have lost 50-60 acres of corn to flooding. I applied 2 quarts of atrazine on May 10. Can I replant to soybeans? This river bottom land


Putnam County Ohio field crops soybeans 16 days ago

Female Facial Hair

I'm a medium brown (black) American female. Can I bleach my facial hair (several hairs on chin) and then dye it a brown to match my skin?


Cobb County Georgia 16 days ago

Spruce Tree Top Branch Drooping

Have spruce tree with top branches drooping under heavy weight of pine cone clusters. Concerned that may break or be permanently distorted. Wonder why tree has so many cones and if indicates serious problem. Once read a tree with problem will go into survival mode and produce excessive seeds to propogate future growth.
Tree appears to me thin and new growth less than other nearby spruce trees.
Would appreciate suggestions and recommendations. If this is not issue for gardener please advise how to contact forestry person.
Attached is picture showing status of the tree.


Clinton County Michigan trees and shrubs spruce tree 16 days ago

chemical residue in soil

We would like to determine what chemical residues might be present in the soil in our proposed garden spot. Will your soil test provide that information?


Ingham County Michigan gardening soil testing 16 days ago

eating bronze

Hi, we are building a pond in which we will be growing fish to eat and plants to eat (rice, taro, etc). I have been offered a water feature for the pond that is made of bronze. Is there any research or knowledge out there that speculates about whether that bronze sculpture will make the fish and/or plants poisonous for people to eat? thanks! Hilary


Durham County North Carolina 16 days ago

Why won't my Triple Crown blackberry plants fruit on floricanes?

Hi! I am super bummed out. For the second year in a row, my triple crown blackberry vines are not producing fruit on the floricanes. I have read every web page on growing triple crown blackberries I can find. They all say that the vines bear fruit from second year canes, i.e. that canes that grow one year will bear fruit the following year. For two years running now, I have had the following scenario repeat itself: One year, the vines grow huge, long canes. I have pruned them and trellised them according to all the youtube videos and blackberry growing web pages. They are super healthy plants and I feed and water them well, etc. They are totally free of disease, etc. Those canes over winter just fine, and the following year those same canes just sit there without putting out new leaves or fruits, they just sit there and do nothing. This year I had one exception - one small second year cane did put out leaves and does have blackberries growing on it. It began in the spring and looks like the berries will be ready in mid to late summer, as would be normal. But the vine next to it, which has second year canes as long as twelve feet, are just sitting there doing nothing, just like the last batch of second year canes on that same plant. There is one small node on one of the floricanes on that plant, on the very bottom near the base of the plant, which has leaves and looks like it will make one blackberry.
What in the world is going on? They have full sun, vigorous growth, all the right food and water, no disease, etc. What is the secret to getting floricanes to come back to life and put out leaves and berries? Is there something I need to do to stimulate them to grow as they are supposed to? Is it too late this year to do anything about it? (It's June 17th as I type this, and I live in Golden Colorado.) I have another type of blackberry plant near by, three plants called Prime Ark 45. They all do what all the web pages say blackberry plants are supposed to do. They put out canes one year, and fruit like crazy all over those same canes the following year. They also put out new leaves on those second year canes as they do. And I prune the spent canes afterward just like I'm supposed to. They get all the same food and water and are near to the triple crown plants in the same full sun. So clearly it is not the environment, it is the species. Does triple crown have some special need that I am not meeting?
This year's new growth on the triple crowns (especially as I have pruned them and laterals are preparing to go utterly wild with length and will fill up the trellis) looks like I may have 15 foot or longer new vines. I don't want to do all the work of trellising the new vines just to have them sit there next year as if they are dead, like the other second year canes on these same plants have done for two years in a row now. The plants are at least three years old. Finally, should I go ahead and cut off the second year vines that aren't fruiting to prevent disease, or is there still a chance they will "wake up" and put out leaves and berries this year? Please, please help if you can. I have spent hours and hours reading tons of pages on these plants, and not a single one mentions this ever happening or has any insight on what to do in this situation. Thank you from my heart for any help you may provide.


Jefferson County Colorado trees and shrubs 16 days ago

What can we do about the bugs that are destroying our eggplant crop?

We've been having pests on eggplant and cabbage plants at Pine Island Community Farm in Colchester, Vermont. I attached a photo and it seems like this is a common problem in the area. The bugs lay eggs on the under sides of the eggplant leaves and then feed on the leaves. Is there a way to deter these pests, as they are ruining the eggplant crop for many of our farmers?


Chittenden County Vermont integrated pest management ipm colorado potato beetle 16 days ago

West Texas fall garden

I'm contemplating planting a fall garden. What vegetables, if any, should I consider for my area?


Tom Green County Texas horticulture gardening 16 days ago

I live in Baltimore City ,i have been Gardening I n the Back of my yard For 15 Years On my property

I live in Baltimore City ,i have been Gardening I n the Back of my yard For 15 Years On my property.5 Days ago I Got a Fine The inspector called it in the report Weeds . And Now I have A hearing Coming Up.What can I Do I need the food I grow.I live At 4426 Wrenwood ave Baltimore MD 21212


Baltimore Maryland 16 days ago

Canned Peppers - warmed but not boiled

Is the process we are following to make my wife's grandmother's pickles safe and would there be a way for us to define this process in a food-safe business so we could sell them?

Her process, handed down from to her from her grandmother, was this:

Step one is to sterilize the jars (we use the "sterilize" function on the dishwasher) and letting them dry completely upside down on paper towels.

The next step is a three-step water bath (room temp) to clean the peppers. No detergents - just water and hand scrubbing of the peppers in first bath, move to second bath and do the same, and final bath for rinse. As you moved through the bushels - we empty the water in all three baths and refill once the final rinse bath started to become visibly dirty.

Once the peppers were cleaned, they were quartered (tops and tips removed, and bulk of seeds shaken out but some remained), and packed into the dry jars.

Next we prepared the brine by dissolving the salt solution (2.5 cups) in about .5 to 1 gallon of heated water until the salt was completely dissolved.

This is then added to another 1 to 1.5 gallons of water (2 gallons in total) and one gallon of vinegar to make the full solution of brine. The solution is warm to the touch (between 110 and 120 degrees).

The jars are then filled with the brine (while at the temp noted above), a fresh clove of garlic added and then capped with lids and sealed tight (the lids were in a boiling water bath and pulled out, dried, and immediately placed on jars, then the dome ring was added to seal). There is usually about 1/2 to 1 inch of air between the top of brine and lid.

The jars are then left alone in a cool dark space for a minimum of 6 weeks... Lots of pinging!

The peppers for the last 15 years have always been a hit - crispy, crunchy and just plain yummy! We did have the pH checked one time and it came in around 2.5.

We have never had a spoiled jar and no one has ever got sick. We do recommend that once a jar is opened, people should put them in the fridge to keep them cold and crispy.


Summit County Ohio food safety 16 days ago

Spots on windbreak tree leaves

Annually I have these spots on leaves in my windbreak. I noticed the grass under is also hard to maintain. What is this and how do I treat?


Davison County South Dakota 16 days ago

mushrooms in my half-barrel lettuce patch

If there are mushrooms in my lettuce patch, which may or may not be poisonous, will the lettuce be affected? I have carefully cut some leaves, but am unsure if the mushrooms could cause the lettuce to become inedible. These mushrooms seem to have appeared overnight in proliferation.


Franklin County Pennsylvania 16 days ago

Black Soybean with Green Kernel

I am looking to purchase some Black Soybean with green kernels. This is a specialty soybean which has higher levels of nutrition and antioxidant levels. There is at least one producer in Iowa who is growing this type of soybean, as I found it for sale on their website, but I can not find it now. It was sold by the ton, by the pallet of 50 lb bags, or by the 50 lb bag. If you do not know of a producer/vendor, then who else might I contact who could help me? Thank You


Boone County Iowa 16 days ago

What is this insect?

I had a colony of bees or wasps nesting under the cushion of a wicker loveseat on my porch, and I'm having trouble identifying them. They built a honeycomb-type hive like bees (see attached photos), but do not look like bees. They are the size of a honeybee or a touch smaller, but are smooth like a wasp and colored like a yellow jacket, with a much quieter "buzz" than a bee. Note also, that they were much less aggressive than a typical yellow jacket. I've attached several pictures. We have eradicated the infestation, but I'm still curious about what they actually are. Any thoughts?


Cabell County West Virginia yellow jackets insect id 16 days ago

what is this growing in my yard? Is it dangerous to dogs?

what is this growing in my yard? Is it dangerous to dogs?


Hennepin County Minnesota 16 days ago

Feeding Kentucky

Is there a program in place to connect local farmers with food distributors here in Kentucky? Or, even for the region?


Jefferson County Kentucky cooperatives general information sustainable agriculture jefferson county kentucky food distribution 17 days ago

Is there an insect or blight affecting poplar trees this year?

The leaves on the poplar trees on our property are turning brown and are full of holes, but no insects are on the leaves.


Morgan County Ohio poplars possible bacterial leaf scorch 17 days ago

I manage a 164-home tonwhome association in NW Plymouth and they had a...

I manage a 164-home tonwhome association in NW Plymouth and they had a landscaper plant about 100 ‘Graziella’ Miscanthus Grass clumps spring 2013. They are planted in mulch beds around utility boxes in full sun with only two to four other shrubs and two to three grass clumps in the same mulch bed. To date, about 2/3 have died and this spring the remaining ones are coming along slowly. I was doing some research online and a lot of sites show it as hardy to Zone 5 but I am also seeing it rated for Zone 4, mostly on Minnesota sites. I guess I am wanting to confirm its Zone but also what other factors may be causing this mortality. We are trying to decide whether we should abandon the Graziella (it's beautiful though) and tear out what remaining ones we have and go with something different (in a bed we would want to have the same grass so would replace the dead and the survivors if we change grasses) or if we should stick with them but we need to be doing something different to manage them. One other thing to know is that in the fall of 2013 (at the end of their first growing season since planted), the grounds contractor cut down some of them to about 2" above grade. He got through about 1/3 of the property before we stopped him. In the 1/3 of the property that was cut down we have noted a little higher mortality, but we are still seeing mortality in the 2/3 that wasn't cut down. Any assistance or direction you might be able to provide would be great.


Hennepin County Minnesota 17 days ago

Is my pasture healthy?

I live on a small farm in Bucks County. We have several pastures with a few grazing donkeys, sheep and alpacas. I do not notice them grazing that often and when given hay they will eat it. The other alpaca owners in the area say theirs only feed on pasture in the summer. That leads me to question if my pasture grass is not meeting their needs. Does the extension make home visits? Thanks Trudi


Bucks County Pennsylvania pastures and grazing pastures and forages camelids llamas alpacas 17 days ago

Dog urine resistant grass

I represent a large Condominium (Silo Point) in Baltimore. We have many dogs in our building as well as a number of neighborhood dogs that "use" our property. We have some problems with grass browning out in spots - likely due to dog urine. Some questions: 1) Are there some strains of grass that are more resistant to dog urine than others? Which ones are they? 2) Are there "neutralizers" that can be put down periodically to help protect the grass? 3) What about watering and other factors? Any advice you have would be appreciated.


Baltimore Maryland lawns and turf dog urine 17 days ago

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