What kind of grow lights do I need

I am going to start my vegetable garden soon indoors and was wondering if you would give me information on grow lights. I would like to know what kind are the best and what light spectrum do I need. Also, where can I find them at a good price. I am going to be planting tomatoes, cucumbers, green beans, peppers, and squash. I tried it last year and bought some lights from Home Depot but they were too hot and I couldn't get them close enough to the plants without burning them up. Needless to say my plants shot straight up and didn't fill out.


St. Louis County Missouri fruits and vegetables gardening vegetables indoor grow lights over 4 years ago

Growing Degree Days - Questions & Clarifications

1. In April 2013, the MSU Enviroweather site ( seems like it will close for public use and it will be by payment/subscription use only, eliminating the home gardener from use, unless they want to pay for it (even though we pay taxes for MSU) If so, any idea of the cost? Are there any public/free sites you'd recommend as alternatives for the home gardener - The Weather Channel seems to have a GDD calculator, but a start date is needed: would it be March 1, 2013 (that is what Cornell seems to use -

2. In my research about GDD, it seems like it is primarily applied
only to farm crops & to woodies (trees, shrubs, vines), not to herbaceous perennials - is that correct (because I haven't found any web sites focused on flowers)?

3. If I find GDD numbers for a particular insect from another geographic area (say California), wouldn't it still be applicable here in Michigan, as long as our Michigan accumulated GDD count is used - is that correct (e.g. a GDD number for a specific insect is good and useable in other areas of the country, as long as the GDD of that other area are used)?

Frank Allen
Advanced Master Gardener


Wayne County Michigan over 4 years ago

ground hog

What can be done to control ground hogs? Are there any IPM approaches?


Pennsylvania wildlife damage management integrated pest management groundhogs ipm damage preventioncontrol over 4 years ago

Putting in a New Lawn

I am going to start a new lawn. The current lawn is close to 40 years old and in really poor condition. I want to make sure that I am touching all bases accordingly. First, I will need to get a soil test. I have read excerpts on how to do this. However, I would like your assessment because I know that you are known to be the best in agricultural issues in the country. Please tell me when I can take the test, how to do the test correctly, whether I need a soil kit or not, and where to send the test.. Please also give me a "heads up" on crucial points to remember in this process. I appreciate your expertise very much.


Denver County Colorado lawns and turf horticulture over 4 years ago

Organic crossbreds

What would be the ideal crossbreed for a grazing low-input conventional dairy? If there is more than one I would like to know that too


Stearns County Minnesota dairy cattle organic dairy production over 4 years ago

why do a possession statement on a tract of land my company already has under...

why do a possession statement on a tract of land my company already has under lease?


Lafayette Parish Louisiana over 4 years ago

rice bran for honey bees

What, if any, are the effects, resulting consequences or benefits from honey bees collecting or consuming rice bran? Also, I'm curious as to what is attracting bees to the rice bran.


Stone County Arkansas bee health over 4 years ago

Refinancing and/or Modifying Rentals Underwater in Michigan

Are there any financial institutions that will refinance rental houses in Michigan that are underwater? Can you provide me with any advice?


Oakland County Michigan housing financial management over 4 years ago

Humanely treated dairy products

I have been vegetarian for more than ten years and am now considering veganism. However, finding acceptable product substitutes for some dairy has been difficult. Therefore, I am considering purchasing dairy products I would like to continue to use from humanely sourced producers. Does the extension have reliable sources for where to find these producers and where the products are able to be found (in stores, thru local deliveries, etc.)? Thank you.


Jefferson County Colorado food nutrition over 4 years ago

chicken predators

I have lost several chickens over the last couple years and was wondering what got them. I have found all the the dead chickens in one of two states: 1)The body has been intact with the exception that the head is gone; 2) The head was still attached, but the neck was chewed to the bone and the chest area was ripped open.


Multnomah County Oregon wildlife damage management over 4 years ago

living willow structures

I have just recently learned about living willow structures and would like to try to grow some willow in my back field. It is about 1 to 1 1/2 acres. Do you know if it is possible to grow willow in Ohio? Do I have enough land? It's not technically a wetland, but it is usually pretty damp back there. Do you have any idea where I might buy the willow for planting? I can't seem to find anything online.


Franklin County Ohio over 4 years ago

The Birds and the Bees

I recently set out a bird feeder in my back yard in Loveland. This past Saturday I looked out in my yard and there were Bees swarming around my bird feeder some were inside pulling the bird seed out while others rummaged through the seeds knocking most of it to the ground. Is it the time of year with the frigid weather subsiding and no flowers around or is there something in the birdseed. They have just about emptied the the 1 ltr. former water bottle of food. I don't mind feeding the bees but I would like to feed the birds also.



Larimer County Colorado bird feed over 4 years ago

winter watering

Should we be running the sprinkler when the air temperature is above 50, but the ground is still rock hard? How can we water our trees when we cannot get through the frozen ground to provide water? Thanks.


Denver County Colorado trees and shrubs irrigation over 4 years ago

Wanting to start a small vineyard maybe 100 plants to start. Can we get...

Wanting to start a small vineyard maybe 100 plants to start. Can we get someone over to give us info on the soil and the site ?


Athens County Ohio over 4 years ago

noxious weeds

hello i am a culinary student at cocc and would like to know where i can get a list of "noxious weeds" and how they are erradicated. a lot of these are edible and i am trying to find out how to take them from invaded areas and contain them in a greenhouse for cultivation for food sources. any information you can send me i would be very greatful, or if there is someone in bend who is an expert i can talk to?


Deschutes County Oregon weed issues horticulture over 4 years ago

wormy apple tree

Hi, I would like to know what to use and when to use it, something to put on my apple tree so it wont have worms.


Marion County Oregon insect issues fruit trees horticulture over 4 years ago

Columbines and fertilizer

Do you fertilize all year or just in the blooming season? Which fertilizer is best?I am in the Houston,Tx area and want the flowers to acclimate here.


Waller County Texas horticulture fertilizer over 4 years ago

Gardening in Colorado

I just moved to Colorado Springs a few months ago from Tennessee. I have never grown plants, but am interested in trying to grow my own food. I have no idea what will grow in Colorado, when to plant fruits, veggies, and flowers, or how to even get started. Another concern of mine is cost. I've seen set ups that look quite expensive, but spending a ton of money defeats the purpose of growing my own food. Are there any places that help people with the initial supplies or maybe free classes offered to the public? Thanks in advance for any help/ advice!


El Paso County Colorado gardening horticulture over 4 years ago

transplant a magnolia

When is it a good time to transplant an evergreen magnolia ('Little Gem') that I planted last year? It is currently about 7 feet tall but not very wide--maybe about 1 1/2 feet wide. Should I prune the top a little so it can grow more to the sides as well?


Washington County Oregon trees and shrubs pruning horticulture over 4 years ago

A good time to transplant blueberries from ground to containers

I have 4 blueberry bushes (small size cultivar 'top hat' that should reach 1 1/2 to 2 feet) that were planted in the ground last year. The 2 concerns I have are 1) I don't think they are in optimal acid soil for them. 2) They are currently planted in a spot that I'd like to put a raised garden bed before this spring. Would it be a good approach to dig them up and plant them in containers with special potting soil for acid-loving plants. Is this a good time of year to do that while they are without leaves?


Washington County Oregon blueberries cultivation horticulture over 4 years ago

type of sprayer needed for spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) management

As spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) was confirmed in our county, we would like to be prepared for possible SWD. If SWD is found, what type of sprayer is needed to apply the insecticide? Have there been any successes with organic sprays? And specifically do you need an airblast sprayer?


Wood County Wisconsin blueberry production blueberry insects spotted wing drosophila over 4 years ago

winter watering

1/22/2013. Should I be watering my trees? shrubs? anything else?

No rain/snow. : [

~ Cathi / Westminster, CO


Adams County Colorado over 4 years ago

Freezer Door Open

I recently discovered my freezer door slightly open in the morning. A few minutes later I checked the thermometer and it was not close to the spoilage zone, so it seems that whatever was in the fride should be fine. I had no raw meat in the freezer, but should I be concerned about prepared meals, such as Lean Cuisine?


Multnomah County Oregon food safety over 4 years ago

chemical compounds in fir bark

There is a log tranfer yard that includes unloading trucks,scaling of logs, then loading onto rail cars. there is debarking through the process this bark is stored for weeks. The 2 acre paved yard drains to a pit one end. I would like to know what is going into the pit.


Linn County Oregon forestry wood processing over 4 years ago

Deer Prevention in our yard

What's the best prevention method to keep deer from eating the grass and flowers in our back yard here in Florence, OR? I've heard fishing line is a good deterrent. If so, how is it used. Our back yard already has a 4' wired fence around it.


Lane County Oregon human-wildlife issues deer over 4 years ago

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